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In 1970, in the North adjacent to the slums and railway station, a pesticide plant has been set up by the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL). From late 1977, the plant started manufacturing Sevin (Carbaryl) by importing primary raw materials, viz. alpha-naphtol and methyl isocyanate (MIC) in stainless steel drums from the Union Carbide's MIC plant in USA. However, from early 1980, the Bhopal plant itself started manufacturing MIC using the know-how and basic designs supplied by Union Carbide Corporation, USA (UCC).
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The Bhagavad Gita is a part of the ancient Indian epic 'Mahabharata' which is attributed to sage Vyasa. The teachings imparted through the Bhagavad Gita are simple, to which an ordinary man can relate it with himself. 'The Bhagavad Gita is a book conveying lessons of philosophy, religion and ethics' (Radhakrishnan, 1966). The Bhagavad Gita is interpreted by Sinha (1992) as a book which mainly focused on ethics than on metaphysics. Authors like Sharma (2003) is of the view that the Bhagavad Gita is based on metaphysics, religion and ethics, and has been aptly called 'Gospel of Humanity'. The Bhagavad Gita reminds us of the fact that ancient India was the epicentre of knowledge cultivation. There will always be the custom of flaunting wealth as an act of supremacy; but it is simply through the 'way of knowledge' which is accessible to all that one can achieve intellectual supremacy. Radhakrishnan (1966) in his book Indian Philosophy, portrayed the ethos of the Bhagavad.
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Climate change raises another important question: Who should pay the costs of prevention, mitigation, and adaptation? One compelling answer is the Beneficiary Pays Principle (BPP). Members of the industrialized world have been the dominant beneficiaries of the industrialization policies in the 19th and 20th century and it is only right that they pay most of the cost of mitigation, prevention, and adaptation.

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Why should we try to prevent the accumulation of CO2 in the atmosphere from surpassing the current level of 400 ppm? Suppose that continued increases in the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere will have the predicted consequences–melting of the polar ice caps, a rise in sea level, flooding of islands and low-lying cities, more extreme weather events. Why is that bad?

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The professional has a wide range of responsibilities in four primary areas: (1) to society, (2) to clients, (3)to employers, and (4) to his/her professional colleagues and fellow professionals.

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The public has a right to expect ethical conduct of all professionals. The role of engineering and its impact on the health, welfare and safety of the public cannot be overstated. Ethical and professional conduct on the part of engineers requires an often delicate balance of moral reasoning, standards, legal relevance, safety, costs, benefits and risk assessment.

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